Hypertension: Everything you need to know
What is high blood pressure?Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition where the blood pressure in your arteries is elevated. Blood pressure measurement shows you the amount of blood passing through your arteries and the level of resistance it faces.
High blood pressure is sometimes called “the silent killer” because there aren’t any noticeable symptoms at the beginning. Problems arise after several years because even though there are no symptoms, it causes damage to many organs.
Narrow arteries tend to increase resistance of the blood flow. The narrower your arteries, higher the risk for hypertension. Over time, it can cause several health issues such as heart problems.
Detecting high blood pressure early is crucial for ensuring that it’s under control. Regular checkups are helpful and the blood pressure should be measured every few months.
What are the symptoms?As mentioned above, hypertension is a silent condition with next to no symptoms. However, there are some signs that may indicate elevated levels of blood pressure in the individual. Keep it in mind that it may take years for some of the symptoms to show and by then the condition may be too severe. Here are the symptoms:
- Shortness of breath & dizziness
- Blood in the urine
- Chest pain
- Visual problems
Symptoms like these require medical attention urgently. Waiting for these symptoms in high blood pressure could result in fatality.
People with a family history of heart diseases or high blood pressure are more susceptible to developing this condition and need to take extra care.
What causes high blood pressure?High blood pressure is of 2 types:
1. Primary Hypertension
2. Secondary Hypertension
Each type is caused due to different reasons, let’s study them in detail:
1. Primary HypertensionPrimary hypertension takes several years to develop with clear causes. Most people develop this condition over time, with age. A major cause is genes and the genetic disposition of a person for this condition.
High intake of salt, obesity, depression, lack of exercise, deficiency of vitamin D are some other factors that increase the chances of developing high blood pressure in individuals.
2. Secondary HypertensionSecondary hypertension, unlike primary hypertension, has identifiable causes. Some of them are listed below:
- Kidney diseases
- Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
- Heart problems
- Alcohol abuse
- Sleep apnea
- Usage of certain medicines or illegal drugs
Treatment options for high blood pressureFor the exact treatment, the doctor may consider various factors about you and your level of blood pressure.
Primary hypertension:When detected in the early stages, primary hypertension may be brought under control by certain lifestyle changes. These changes may include dietary changes, regular exercise, and others.
Secondary hypertension:Since secondary hypertension is most often caused due to certain underlying problems, the doctor may focus on those. Treating the problems that are causing high blood pressure will result in bringing down the blood pressure levels automatically.
Along with treating the underlying problems, your doctor may also tell you to make some lifestyle changes similar to the ones in primary hypertension.
Treatment for hypertension totally depends on the patient and the cause. The doctor may prescribe different changes or medicines after studying the symptoms, finding out the causes, looking at the amount of damage already caused to other organs and other such factors.
PreventionSeveral factors such as age, family history, and ethnicity are out of our control when it comes to preventing high blood pressure. However, there are several other factors that you may be able to work on in order to prevent this condition.
Here are some things you can take care of in order to prevent hypertension:
- Exercise on a regular basis and maintain a healthy weight
- Consuming a balanced diet
- Limit the consumption of salt on a regular basis
- Cut back, or limit, the consumption of alcohol
- Avoid use of tobacco completely
- Monitor blood pressure every few months
Following these basic steps may help in preventing or delaying the onset of hypertension. The last step, monitor blood pressure, isn’t exactly a preventive measure but something to detect hypertension in the early stages. If you detect it early, you may be able to bring it under control sooner and more easily.
Unsure about whether you have hypertension or not? Get yourself examined today, visit ZCare Wellness today to locate your nearest homeopathic doctor.